8.1 THE FUTURE
The future describes same as in English an action which did not happen yet but is going to happen.
Formed with the suffix -ecek/-acak.
Suffix determined by the Little Vowel Harmony:
If last vowel of the verb stem is an e, i, ö or ü the suffix is -ecek.
If last vowel of the verb stem is an a, ı, o or u the suffix is -acak.
… and with the personal pronoun suffixes it looks as follows:
bileceğim = I’m going to know
bileceksin = you’re going to know
bilecek = he/she/it is going to know
bileceğiz = we’re going to know
bileceksiniz = you’re (plural) going to know
bilecekler = they’re going to know
In each 1st person the “hard consonante” k is softened into ğ. The reason once again is the harmony in speaking: it is softer to say bileceğim instead of “bilecekim”. The ğ prolongues the e as explained in lesson 1 referring to the alphabet (it therefore sounds more like “bilecea-im”).
yapacağım = i’m going to make
yapacaksın = you’re going to make
yapacak = he/she/it is going to make
yapacağız = we’re going to make
yapacaksınız = you’re going to make
yapacaklar = they’re going to make
In colloquial language/writing the 1st person can be shortened, for example: instead of yapacağım / yapacağız you write yapacam / yapacaz (often used in letters, sms messages, etc.).
8.2 NEGATION OF FUTURE
By inserting -me/-ma before the future suffix you negate the verb. Accordingly it is then -mayacak or -meyecek (insertion of y after a vowel):
bilmeyeceğim = I’m not going to know
bilmeyeceksin = you’re not going to know
bilmeyecek = he/she/it is not going to know
bilmeyeceğiz = we’re not going to know
bilmeyeceksiniz = you’re (plural) not going to know
bilmeyecekler = they’re not going to know
yapmayacağım = I’m not going to make
yapmayacaksın = you’re not going to make
yapmayacak = he/she/it is not going to make
yapmayacağız = we’re not going to make
yapmayacaksınız = you’re (plural) not going to make
yapmayacakler = they’re not going to make
ayırtmak = to reserve; izin = the vacation (or: the permission); gelecek zaman =the future; gezinti = the walk; gezmek = to walk, promenade; girmek = to walk in, to join; kullanmak = to use (e.g. a car = driving); seyahat = the journey; tatil = the holidays; yer = the location, place; yer ayırtma = the seat reservation; yolculuk = the travel, voyage